Administratively, Kos constitutes a municipality within the Kos regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean region. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kós. Sandy, shingle, crowded, secluded, organized, unorganized… There’s a beach for every taste and they are all easily accessible. Now time to enjoy Turkey again… Bodrum To Kos Day Trip – Useful Info. Aside from being photogenic, this stretch of sand offers visitors one of the most popular island experiences as well. [42] Today, the population of the Turkish community in Kos has been estimated at about 2,000 people. Our services are rated The island is part of a chain of mountains from which it became separated after earthquakes and subsidence that occurred in ancient times. Sandy beaches and rich history are the two major attractions of Kos, along with vivid nightlife. It has got good beaches, though! Iulianus went to the synod held in Constantinople in 448 in preparation for the Council of Chalcedon of 451, in which he participated as a legate of Pope Leo I, and he was a signatory of the joint letter that the bishops of the Roman province of Insulae sent in 458 to Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian with regard to the killing of Proterius of Alexandria. It was governed by a droungarios in the 8th–9th centuries, and seems to have acquired some importance in the 11th and 12th centuries: Nikephoros Melissenos began his uprising here, and in the middle of the 12th century, it was governed by a scion of the ruling Komnenos dynasty, Nikephoros Komnenos. Also check out our Guide to Classic and Traditional Greek Foods. may have caused the Great Cataclysm. 657) describe it as a well-fortified port. Constantinus went to the Photian Council of Constantinople (879). In addition, there is a Roman Catholic church on the island and a mosque for the Turkish-speaking Muslim community. Kos is in the Aegean Sea. The best places for windsurfing and kite surfing are the beaches of Mastihari, Tigaki, Psalidi and Kefalos. Its early history–as part of the religious-political amphictyony that included Lindos, Kamiros, Ialysos, Cnidus and Halicarnassus, the Dorian Hexapolis (hexapolis means six cities in Greek),[21]–is obscure. Kos can also be reached by ferry from the port of Piraeus in Athens and also from other islands of the Aegean sea. The word is also an adjective, as in "Koan goods".[11]. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kós, Greece on Tripadvisor: See 270,660 traveller reviews and photos of Kós tourist attractions. Kos is the second most popular island of Dodecanese, after Rhodes. Hippocrates of Kos (/ h ɪ ˈ p ɒ k r ə t iː z /; Greek: Ἱπποκράτης ὁ Κῷος, translit. Prices of restaurants, food, transportation, utilities and housing are included. Apart from the cycling road, though, there are many mountain cycling trails, ideal for cycling in nature! In Kos various traditional Greek sweets can be found such as the baklava, the loukoumades (sort of honey puffs), and the most famous sweet tomatoes. Of all the islands, Kos seems to come off as pretty average with no “unique” qualities. Pop: … [24] In the Hellenistic period, Kos attained the zenith of its prosperity. [35] The Ottomans ruled Kos until 1911. The seaside village of Kardamena is a popular resort for young holidaymakers (primarily from the United Kingdom and Scandinavia) and has a large number of bars and nightclubs. There is much interesting sightseeing on the island, including the impressive Sanctuary of Asclepius (Asklepieion), the Ancient Agora, the Venetian Castle in Kos Town and the Fortress in Antimachia. Greeka? Vast amounts of UK holidaymakers flock to Kos every years to soak up its sun and enjoy its gorgeous sands. Explore Kos Sites and Landmarks. Explore our travel services & make the most out of your holidays in Kos! [6], In many Romance languages, Kos was formerly known as Stancho, Stanchio, or Stinco, and in Ottoman and modern Turkish it is known as İstanköy, all from the reinterpretation of the Greek expression εις την Κω 'to Kos';[7] cf. Following the Fourth Crusade, Kos passed under Genoese control, although it was retaken in ca. British and German forces then clashed for control of the island in the Battle of Kos as part of the Dodecanese Campaign, in which the Germans were victorious. It is famous for its beautiful sandy beaches and its Romano-Greek architectures. Herod is said to have provided an annual stipend for the benefit of prize-winners in the athletic games,[31] and a statue was erected there to his son Herod the Tetrarch ("C. I. G." 2502 ). 1337, when the Knights Hospitaller took over the island. Kos or Cos (/kɒs, kɔːs/; Greek: Κως [kos]) is a Greek island, part of the Dodecanese island chain in the southeastern Aegean Sea. The ancient physician Hippocrates is thought to have been born on Kos, and in the center of the town is the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, a dream temple where the physician is traditionally supposed to have taught. The island has several promontories, some with names known in antiquity: Cape Skandari, anciently Scandarium or Skandarion in the northeast;[12] Cape Lacter or Lakter in the south;[13] and Cape Drecanum or Drekanon in the west.[14]. It began in the Northern area and ended up south on the central road (Decumanus) which went through the city. Here is my list of the top 5 best restaurants in Kos! Iowa had the highest population of Kos … [40] The Italians developed the infrastructures of the island, after the ruinous earthquake of 23 April 1933, which destroyed a great part of the old city and damaged many new buildings. Jeff Rients's Famous RPG Questions What is the deal with my cleric's religion? Kos lies in the center of the Dodecanese complex and is one of the most popular Greek islands. The fact that Kos is among the first ranks of the most popular Greek vacation destinations is not a matter of chance. Turkey. This fun club is open all night and serves cocktails (especially shots at will) and music until the early hours of the morning. This was actually a healing centre and in fact the father of medicine, Hippocrates, would teach there. The Kos family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1871 and 1920. The basilicas date from the 5th and the 6th century AD. In the late 1920s about 3,700 Turks lived in Kos city, slightly less than 50% of the population, who settled mainly in the west part of the city. Explore Kos island through the lens of the talented members of Greeka community. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. One of the most famous images of Kos is undoubtedly the beach of Aghios Stefanos (pictured top). Thanks to the remains of all these cultures, sightseeing is one of the best things to do in Rhodes. The island of Kos in Greece is one of the most magical places on earth. The Hellenistic Gymnasium is part of a complex of the Hellenistic and Roman periods that also includes the Acropoli, the Hippodrome, the Nymphaeum a very elaborated structure dating from the 3rd century BC, as well as the ruins of the temples of Aphrodite and Hercules. This was about 25% of all the recorded Kos's in the USA. an island in the SE Aegean Sea, in the Greek Dodecanese Islands: separated from SW Turkey by the Kos Channel; settled in ancient times by Dorians and became famous for literature and medicine. . [16][17], In Homer's Iliad, a contingent of Koans fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War. Proximity to the east gave the island first access to imported silk thread. The Archaeological Museum of Kos stands in the heart of Kos Town. The Bodrum ferry to Kos runs daily – you need to book at least a day in advance. At the end of the 6th century, Kos fell under Achaemenid domination but rebelled after the Greek victory at the Battle of Mycale in 479. One of the best things to do in Kos is cycling. Nightlife Kos: Downtown Club, Kardamena Here are some amazing facts … The building was destroyed in an earthquake in 469 AD. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? The island first became a center for learning during the Ptolemaic dynasty, and Hippocrates, Apelles, Philitas and possibly Theocritus came from the area. [citation needed] Cos lettuce (romaine lettuce) is named after the island, from where it is said to have originated. Kos is the third biggest of the Greek islands, making it extremely versatile as a holiday destination. Kos is one of the most popular islands of the Dodecanese. The other chief sources of the island's wealth lay in its wines and, in later days, in its silk manufacture.[20]. The Ottoman Empire captured the island in early 1523. Continue your trip to the best Greece destinations! The History and Mythology of Kos Island with descriptions of all the archaeological sites on the island all written by the archaeologist Sophia Ntintioumi. [33] One of the people responsible for the library's construction was the Kos doctor Gaius Stertinius Xenophon, who lived in Rome and was the personal physician of the Emperors Tiberius, Claudius, and Nero. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Kos Town. Kos is an island absolutely steeped in history and shrouded in legend. Remains of fortification and a small church are located on this islet, which is reached by boat. The remnants of these mountains include the islands of Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm about 70 metres (230 ft; 38 fathoms) deep, as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands. Architect Rodolfo Petracco drew up the new city plan, transforming the old quarters into an archaeological park, and dividing the new city into a residential, an administrative, and a commercial area.,[41] In World War II, the island, as Italian possession, was part of the Axis. Its coastline is 112 kilometres (70 miles) long and it extends from west to east. Arap Taverna [19], The island was originally colonised by the Carians. It includes findings from the Ancient Agora, the Asklepieion and other sites on the island. Kos is famous for being the home island of Hippocrates, the "Father of Medicine". In the western side excavations led to the findings of rooms with mosaic floors which showed beastfights, a theme quite popular in Kos.[45]. During the Greco-Persian Wars, before it twice expelled the Persians, it was ruled by Persian-appointed tyrants, but as a rule it seems to have been under oligarchic government. The small city is also home to the International Hippocratic Institute and the Hippocratic Museum dedicated to him. They are endless! Ultimate on the Nintendo Switch, a GameFAQs message board topic titled "Is KOS-MOS too sexy for Smash" - Page 2. If you enjoy the nightlife, you will have an amazing time in Kos. The waters in this beach has healing facilities. Near the Institute are the ruins of Asklepieion, where Herodicus taught Hippocrates medicine. The Asclepion is Kos’ most famous archaeological site, with a history that’s at the heart of the island’s identity and a significance that travels well beyond its shores. ), vivid nightlife, luxurious Kos hotels, water sports centers… We could go on and on! Kos has a 5,000 years long history and has been influenced by many cultures, such as the Romans, the Venetians, the medieval Knights, and the Ottomans. The ancient market place of Kos was considered one of the biggest in the ancient world. Where to eat? Depends who you worship! He trained physicians in his methods and, with his followers, is responsible for authoring a large body of medical textbooks. The travel by ferry takes about 11 hours as it located closer to Turkey than to Greece. Nerantzia Castle is actually the Medieval Castle at the port of the capital town. Eddesius was one of the minority Eastern bishops who withdrew from the Council of Sardica in about 344 and set up a rival council at Philippopolis. #greekacom. Other ancient names include Meropis,[4] Cea,[5] and Nymphaea. [34], The bishopric of Kos was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Rhodes. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Here there was a monumental entrance. There are large beaches where crowds congregate as well as smaller alternatives, ideal for intimate bathing. The rich history of Kos, and all Dodecanese islands in general has vividly left its mark on the architecture of the islands. Kos is the setting of the wargaming book 'Swords of Kos Fantasy Campaign Setting', written by Michael O. Varhola with co-authors. It’s not a surprise that the island is also known as the “Cycling island”, as bicycling is a very popular means of transportation. But the Asclepeion, the Nerantzia Castle… Here are the best things to see and do here that your kids will totally fall in love with. [citation needed], There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Please send us a request and we will rapidly answer you with a free quote! the similar Istanbul and Stimpoli, Crete. Kos: The Island of Hippocrates. Let the exploration begin! The Basilicas of Saint Stephen, in front of Kastri islet, The Basilicas of Saint Stephen, in front of Kastri islet, READ NEXT: Kos is the second most popular island of Dodecanese, after Rhodes. That is the case with the mosques of Kos Town, strong reminders of the Ottoman rule on the island, that lasted for about four centuries. To borrow from the famous American motivators, Canfield and Hansen, it truly is ‘chicken soup for the soul’, as well as the body and the eye. Some remarkable frescoes and nice atriums can be seen inside. The island has a 14th-century fortress at the entrance to its harbour, erected in 1315 by the Knights Hospitaller, and another from the Byzantine period in Antimachia. The place is well known as one of the most outstanding places on Kos. Georgius was a participant of the Third Council of Constantinople in 680–681. River god. [52], Mosaic depicting Asclepius and Hippocrates (3rd century), AM of Kos, "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. Coins, treasures, and copper statues from Roman times were later uncovered by archeologists. Following the lead of its larger neighbour, Rhodes, Kos generally displayed a friendly attitude toward the Romans; in 53 AD it was made a free city. There’s also a 13 km long cycling road, ideal for bike strolls, starting from Faros beach and ending at Psalidi beach! The Kosmos Energy Ltd stock price gained 15.67% on the last trading day (Wednesday, 23rd Dec 2020), rising from $2.17 to $2.51.During the day the stock fluctuated 17.04% from a day low at $2.23 to a day high … [35] Its bishop Meliphron attended the First Council of Nicaea in 325. Find out everything about your holidays in Kos on our travel guide! Read reviews about our services. causes red wheat to grow. Kos is the third biggest Greek islands of the Dodecanese island group and a place that has it all! Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! Known for its historical sites, beautiful beaches, and lush vegetation, Cos is visited by almost 1 million tourists every year! [25] It was the home of the major Hellenistic poet-scholar Philitas. The northern side connected to the city wall towards the entrance to the harbour. Upload your photos or share your experience with us! If you are looking for nightlife you can head to Kardamena and if you are looking for a family vacation, Tigaki is a good choice. The paradise islet of Kastri, in front of Ag.Stefanos. Kos is a popular holiday destination famous for its sandy beaches and Mediterranean climate with hot, sunny summers and mild rainy winters. noun. And more? Known for its historical sites, beautiful beaches, and lush vegetation, Cos is visited by almost 1 million tourists every year! From Kos sightseeing, to activities and from Kos tours, to restaurants, we give you the best recommendations for the ultimate Kos holidays experience! The main town is a beautiful place with distinctive architecture. 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