He had been active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, founding and supervising the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw, operating an amateur-radio station (SP3RN), and founding or running several other organizations and publications. He professed his first vows in 1911, and final vows in 1914,[1] adopting the additional name of Maria (Mary).[4]. [36], Kolbe's views into Marian theology echo today through their influence on Vatican II. This however was only the beginning of more serious health concerns. [13] In July 1919 he returned to Poland, which was newly independent. He was active in the consecration and entrustment to Mary. Kolbe and the community at Niepokalanów helped to hide, feed and clothe 3,000 Polish refugees, (of which approximately 1,500 were Jews). Shortly after his return to his native land, he was diagnosed as suffering from Which should not be taken to mean that even among Jews one cannot find good people. Kolbe composed the Immaculata prayer as a prayer of consecration to the Immaculata, i.e. Fr. Pope John Paul II, however, overruled the commission he had established (which agreed with the earlier assessment of heroic charity). Thank You! I was Number 16670. [36], Our patron, St. Maximilian Kolbe, inspires us with his unique Mariology and apostolic mission, which is to bring all souls to the Sacred Heart of Christ through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Christ's most pure, efficient, and holy instrument of evangelization – especially those most estranged from the Church. Despite the awful conditions of Auschwitz, people report that Kolbe retained a deep faith, equanimity and dignity in the face of appalling treatment. Pope John Paul II decided that Kolbe should be recognised as a martyr because the systematic hatred of the Nazi regime was inherently an act of hatred against religious faith, meaning Kolbe’s death equated to martyrdom. [34], Kolbe influenced his own Order of Conventual Franciscan friars, as the Militia Immaculatae movement had continued. [1][4] He refused to sign the Deutsche Volksliste, which would have given him rights similar to those of German citizens, in exchange for recognizing his ethnic German ancestry. Towards the end of his studies, Kolbe suffered his first bout of ... St Maximilian KOLBE, 1894-1941. [1] He later described this incident: That night I asked the Mother of God what was to become of me. He was the second son of weaver Julius Kolbe and midwife Maria Dąbrowska. [4], From 1919 to 1922 he taught at the Kraków seminary. The diocese says it will be the first faith-based recovery high school in the United States, where there are 60 secular recovery schools. He was active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Witnesses say Kolbe accepted his mistreatment and blows with surprising calm. He arrived first in Shanghai, China, but failed to gather a following there. [1][13], In January 1922 Kolbe founded the monthly periodical Rycerz Niepokalanej (Knight of the Immaculata), a devotional publication based on French Le Messager du Coeur de Jesus (Messenger of the Heart of Jesus). Kolbe and … Let us, then, tell the Blessed Virgin that we are content, and that she can do with us anything she wishes” (Maximilian Mary Kolbe, source). Kolbe was an active priest and particularly keen to work for the conversion of sinners and enemies of the Catholic Church. In 1941, he was arrested and sent to Auschwitz, where in terrible circumstances he continued to work as a priest and offer solace to fellow inmates. The Nazi commander replied, “What does this Polish pig want?”, Father Kolbe pointed with his hand to the condemned Franciszek Gajowniczek and repeated: “I am a Catholic priest from Poland; I would like to take his place because he has a wife and children.”. There he was appointed guardian of Niepokalanów, thus precluding his return to Japan. Raymund developed a strong religious yearning from an early life. Because the guards wanted the cell emptied, the remaining prisoners and Kolbe were executed with a lethal injection. [1] The miracles that were used to confirm his beatification were the July 1948 cure of intestinal tuberculosis in Angela Testoni and in August 1950, the cure of calcification of the arteries/sclerosis of Francis Ranier; both attributed to Kolbe's intercession by their prayers to him.[1]. the immaculately conceived. [28][31] On those grounds allegations of Kolbe's antisemitism have been denounced by Holocaust scholars Daniel L. Schlafly, Jr. and Warren Green, among others. He also entered into dialogue with local Buddhist priests and some of them became friends. [4] His father was an ethnic German,[5] and his mother was Polish. We have never seen anyone like him…”, After two weeks, nearly all the prisoners, except Kolbe had died due to dehydration and starvation. Kolbe was ordained as a priest and after completing his studies returned to the newly independent Poland in 1919. In October 1917, Kolbe and six other friars formed the Militia Immaculatae with the goal of using every possible means to promote total consecration to Mary. Lawrence W. Jozwiak Pastor November 22, 2020 Dear Friends in Christ: This Sunday is the Solemnity of Christ the King. He is one of ten 20th-century martyrs who are depicted in statues above the Great West Door of Anglican Westminster Abbey, London. Prisoners also report that he remained selfless, often sharing his meagre rations with others. Copyright ©2020 Saint Maximilian Kolbe Church, 130 Saint Maximilian Lane, Toms River, NJ 08757, 130 Saint Maximilian Lane * Toms River, NJ 08757. [25], Kolbe has been accused of antisemitism. She asked me if I was willing to accept either of these crowns. Kolbe was sent to the work camp. [2] His feast day is 14 August, the day of his death. Is this some dream? According to Shinto beliefs, this was not the side best suited to be in harmony with nature. Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 6: His illness Kolbe had poor health during the rest of his life. As well as writing extensive essays and pieces for the newspaper, Kolbe composed the Immaculata Prayer – the consecration to the immaculately conceived Virgin Mary. [1] His image may be found in churches across Europe[24] and throughout the world. According to Kolbe, They placed the black standard of the "Giordano Brunisti" under the windows of the Vatican. After his canonization, a feast day for Maximilian Kolbe was added to the General Roman Calendar. Several churches in Poland are under his patronage, such as the Sanctuary of Saint Maxymilian in Zduńska Wola or the Church of Saint Maxymilian Kolbe in Szczecin. When the Nazis invaded, Niepokalanow became a refugee camp, housing more than 4,500 Jewish and Polish people. St. Maximilian Kolbe, pray for us! I said that I would accept them both.” [1]. There are examples of Catholic institutions around the world adopting Saint Maximilian as their patron saint. He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. I was stunned and could hardly grasp what was going on. They include the 3 Sacraments of Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation & Eucharist), the 2 Sacraments of Healing (Penance & Anointing of the Sick) [13] He died on 14 August. Shortly after his birth, his family moved to Pabianice.[4]. The thing to do now is to pray well in order to win as many souls as possible. Amen. [1] John Paul II declared him "The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century". “Dear Mama, At the end of the month of May I was transferred to the camp of Auschwitz. addy1b9b4effcc9f1eb8765e8f090477044b = addy1b9b4effcc9f1eb8765e8f090477044b + 'gmail' + '.' + 'com'; What a piece of good luck! Cordial greetings and kisses, affectionately. Maximilian Maria Kolbe (born Rajmund Kolbe; Polish: Maksymilian Maria Kolbe [maksɨˌmʲilʲan ˌmarʲja ˈkɔlbɛ]; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941), venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II. Pope Paul VI recognized this distinction at Kolbe's beatification, naming him a Confessor and giving him the unofficial title "martyr of charity". We ask this through Christ our Lord. It was the first and the last time that such an incident happened in the whole history of Auschwitz.”. His remains were cremated on the following day, the feast of the Assumption. Restore him/her to health, and lead him/her to glory. St Maximilian Kolbe went on to receive ordination 1918. It was Kolbe who sought to reinvigorate and organise the work of the MI (Militia Immaculata). His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. [1][4] This publication reached a circulation of 137,000, and nearly double that, 225,000, on weekends. Fr. It is a docudrama about the life of St. Maximillian Kolbe. His remains were cremated on 15 August, the feast day of the Assumption of Mary. St. Maximilian Kolbe great hearted lover of God and humanity Ř pray for us Faithful follower of St. Francis of Assisi Ř teach us your total dedication to the gospel Man of living faith Ř lead us to believe as you did Brave knight of the Immaculata Ř help us to be instruments of … [16][17] Kolbe returned to Japan and remained there until called back to attend the Provincial Chapter in Poland in 1936. He suffered tuberculosis which caused coughing up blood. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Since they had grown very weak, prayers were now only whispered. After a short period in Krakow, Poland, Kolbe went to study in Rome, Italy. The prayer shawls are given to any person who may have suffered a loss or is dealing with illness. Thirst drove the prisoners to drink the contents. [8] Kolbe wanted the entire Franciscan Order consecrated to the Immaculata by an additional vow. During his time as a student, he witnessed vehement demonstrations against Popes Pius X and Benedict XV in Rome during an anniversary celebration by the Freemasons. [37][38] A museum, Museum of St. Maximilian Kolbe "There was a Man", was opened in Niepokalanów in 1998. Kolbe had a strong devotion to the Virgin Mary and he became an active participant in the Militia Immaculata or Army of Mary. At the start of the Second World War, Kolbe was residing in the friary at Niepokalanow, the “City of the Immaculata.” By that time, it had expanded from 18 Friars to 650 Friars, making it the largest Catholic house in Europe. [7] They enrolled at the Conventual Franciscan minor seminary in Lwow later that year. When first arrested he said: “Courage, my sons. “I felt the Immaculata drawing me to herself more and more closely… I had a custom of keeping a holy picture of one of the Saints to whom she appeared on my prie-dieu in my cell, and I used to pray to the Immaculata very fervently” (Link Militia of the Immaculata). St. Maximilian Kolbe School 300 Daly Drive West Chester, PA 19382 (610) 399-8400 [1] So serious was Kolbe about this goal that he added to the Miraculous Medal prayer: O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee. It was on this day in 1941, the day before the Church celebrates St. Maximilian’s beloved Blessed Mother Mary, that Fr. [12], In 1918, Kolbe was ordained a priest. Saint Pope John Paul II canonized Father Kolbe in 1982, naming him a martyr of charity. Franciszek Gajowniczek would miraculously survive Auschwitz, and would later be present at Kolbe’s canonisation in 1971. Being a strong devotee of the Virgin Mary, he looked at his illness as an opportunity to suffer … Raymund developed a strong religious yearning from an early life. Kolbe had started publishing a Japanese edition of the Knight of the Immaculata (Seibo no Kishi:聖母の騎士). The guards wanted the bunker emptied, so they gave Kolbe a lethal injection of carbolic acid. I was put back into my place without having had time to say anything to Maximilian Kolbe. Gajowniczek later said: “I could only thank him with my eyes. St. Maximilian, born Raymund Kolbe in the kingdom of Poland, joined the conventional Franciscans with his brother, Francis, at the age of 13. However, when the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, the Franciscan monastery survived, unlike the Immaculate Conception Cathedral, the latter having been on the side of the mountain that took the main force of the blast. From 1922 to 1926 he operated a religious publishing press in Grodno. Then she came to me holding two crowns, one white, the other red. Raymund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 In Zdunska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). In a letter from Zakopane, February 13,1927, Maximilian writes "the doctor told me that this Kolbe even gained a radio licence and publicly broadcast his views on religion. Since his beatification in 1971, more than 1,000 such relics have been distributed around the world for public veneration. [4] Next he moved to Japan, where by 1931 he had founded a Franciscan monastery, Mugenzai no Sono, on the outskirts of Nagasaki. Kolbe was recalled to Poland in 1936, because of his health problems. My children!” At this point, Kolbe volunteered to take his place. Shortly after this publication, on 17 February 1941, he was arrested by the Gestapo for hiding Jewish people. Kolbe's life was strongly influenced in 1906, when he was 12, by a vision of the Virgin Mary. Raymond.”. St. Maximilian Kolbe Parish is a Roman Catholic Community of Faith located in East Pembroke and Corfu, NY. St Maximilian is what is known as a “martyr of charity” He took the place of a fellow prisoner in Auschwitz during WWII who had been condemned to death. O God, who filled the Priest and Martyr Saint Maximilian Kolbe with a burning love for the Immaculate Virgin Mary [4] As his activities grew in scope, in 1927 he founded a new Conventual Franciscan monastery at Niepokalanów near Warsaw. Father Kolbe led his fellow prisoners in worship and songs as they suffered in the underground bunker. Office Hours: 9:00 am – 12:00 pm Monday - Friday. He underwent treatment and remained in a sanatorium at Zakopane until April 29, 1921. It would be well that you do not write to me until you will have received other news from me, because I do not know how long I will stay here. She is patron of those who suffer physical illness. After the war, his reputation grew and he became symbolic of courageous dignity. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Saint Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan Friar. He was later canonised as a martyr. [20] The monastery continued to act as a publishing house, issuing a number of anti-Nazi German publications. On 10 October 1982 Pope John Paul II canonized Kolbe and declared him a martyr of charity. After a brief internment in a notorious Polish prison, he was sent to Auschwitz concentration camp and branded prisoner #16670. It is said that in the bunker, Kolbe would lead the men in prayer and singing hymns to Mary. After they had been starved and deprived of water for two weeks, only Kolbe remained alive. Kolbego w Szczecinie – Aktualności", "National Shrine of St. Maximilian Kolbe", Patron Saints Index: Saint Maximilian Kolbe, A Man Feared by the 21st Century: Saint Maximilian Kolbe from the Starvation Bunker in Auschwitz, An "Insight" episode which mentions Maximilian Kolbe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilian_Kolbe&oldid=996067068, Catholic saints and blesseds of the Nazi era, People celebrated in the Lutheran liturgical calendar, Polish people who died in Auschwitz concentration camp, Pontifical University of St. Bonaventure alumni, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 10:02. Kolbe helped the Immaculata Friars to publish high pamphlets, books and a daily newspaper – Maly Dziennik. Due to Kolbe's efforts to promote consecration and entrustment to Mary, he is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. Lawrence W. Jozwiak Pastor September 20, 2020 Dear Friends in Christ: We believe in the 7 Sacraments of the Church that were instituted by Christ. Towards the end of his studies, Kolbe suffered his first bout of tuberculosis and he became quite ill, often coughing up blood; the illness disrupted his studies. [1][13], On 17 February 1941, the monastery was shut down by the German authorities. During the German occupation of Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów a monastery which published a number of anti-Nazi German publications. [33], During World War II Kolbe's monastery at Niepokalanów sheltered Jewish refugees. However, because I suffered from ill health, I had to return to Poland. She asked me if I was willing to accept either of these crowns. Kolbe was beatified as Confessor of the Faith in 1971. His remains were unceremoniously cremated on 15 AuguSaint. Among these are the Missionaries of the Immaculate Mary – fr. Don’t you see that we are leaving on a mission? St. Dymphna is patroness of those who suffer through stress, anxiety and mental illness. His father was an ethnic German and his mother Polish. Second-class relics, such as his personal effects, clothing and liturgical vestments, are preserved in his monastery cell and in a chapel at Niepokalanów, where they may be venerated by visitors. St. Maximillian Kolbe is a modern-day saint who was killed in Auschwitz after he volunteered to take the place of a prisoner who was sentenced to be locked in a … The white one meant that I should persevere in purity and the red that I should become a martyr. My children! This vision was significant because he chose both the path of … document.getElementById('cloak1b9b4effcc9f1eb8765e8f090477044b').innerHTML = ''; In 1930, Kolbe travelled to Japan, where he spent several years serving as a missionary. [14], In mid-1932 Kolbe left Japan for Malabar, India, where he founded another monastery, which has since closed. In 2014, to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the College, staff and students went on pilgrimage to Poland and Italy to retrace the life of Saint Maximilian. On one occasion Krott made Kolbe carry the heaviest planks until he collapsed; he then beat Kolbe savagely, leaving him for dead in the mud. Kolbe was sent to Rome in 1912, where he attended the Pontifical Gregorian University. The school, to be called Kolbe Academy, named after St. Maximilian Kolbe, the patron saint of those with addictions, is scheduled to open in September 2019. The Kolbe Reader: The Writings of St. Maximilian M. Kolbe, OFM Conv. ... His health was not great. When Poland was overrun by the Nazi forces in 1939, he was arrested under general suspicion on 13 September but was released after three months. When one of the selected men, Franciszek Gajowniczek, cried out, "My wife! That’s why the illness disturbed his studies. Kolbe was not only one of those who suffered, he ministered to them as well. Between 1930 and 1936, Kolbe undertook a series of missions to East Asia. [1][4] Around that time, as well as earlier in Rome, he suffered from tuberculosis (TB), which forced him to take a lengthy leave of absence from his teaching duties. On June 15, he was even able to send a letter to his mother. As a child, St Maximilian had a vision of the Blessed Virgin who offered him … Love the Blessed Virgin Mary and her son Jesus with a pure and sacrificial heart. On this standard the archangel, Michael, was depicted lying under the feet of the triumphant Lucifer. [23] Though in other sources Kolbe is clearly included in the Righteous Among the Nations. It became a major religious publishing centre. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; He took his final vows as a monk in 1914. Raymund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 In Zdunska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). [1][4][13] The monastery he founded remains prominent in the Roman Catholic Church in Japan. ~ from a letter by Saint Maximilian Kolbe The Feast of St. Maximilian Kolbe is celebrated on August 14th. Maximilian (Raymond) Kolbe was born on 7 January 1894 in Zdunska-Wola, near Lodz, in Poland. “That night, I asked the Mother of God what was to become of me, a Child of Faith. TB was generally considered fatal, with rest and good nutrition the best treatment, as antibiotics had not yet been developed to treat it. ... St Maximilian was very devoted to Our Lady and has been called the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; "[28][30] However, a number of writers pointed out that the "Jewish question played a very minor role in Kolbe's thought and work". Founded in 1989, the College is a secondary education institution that uses the motto of ‘courage, faith and excellence’ to connect with Kolbe’s charism. Aged only 13, Kolbe and his elder brother left home to enrol in the Conventual Franciscan seminary in Lwow. The movie Two Crowns will have its US premier on October 26th through Fathom Events. The monthly magazine grew to have a circulation of over 1 million and was influential amongst Polish Catholics. The Solemnity of Christ the King is … [28] According to testimony of a local, "When Jews came to me asking for a piece of bread, I asked Father Maximilian if I could give it to them in good conscience, and he answered me, 'Yes, it is necessary to do this, because all men are our brothers. When one of the selected men Franciszek Gajowniczek heard he was selected, he cried out “My wife! In 1910, he was given the religious name Maximillian and was admitted as an initiate. April 16, 2020. They pay our fare in the bargain. [1] Kolbe had the monastery built on a mountainside. The immensity of it: I, the condemned, am to live and someone else willingly and voluntarily offers his life for me – a stranger. Bless N., so that he/she may bear this illness in union with your Son's obedient suffering. ... her father was afflicted with mental illness and attempted to marry her. The Catholic Church venerates him as the patron saint of amateur-radio operators, of drug addicts, of political prisoners, of families, of journalists, of prisoners, and of the pro-life movement. … [1] That day Kolbe and four others were arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the Pawiak prison. His father, Julius, later ran a religious book store, then enlisted in the army of Pilsudski, fought for Polish independence from Russia, and was hanged by the Russians as a traitor in 1914. He had four brothers. Merciful God you made St. Maximilian Kolbe one of the foremost Catholic evangelists of the last century. [1][4][13] A junior seminary was opened there two years later.[1]. He earned a doctorate in philosophy in 1915 there. Once he was smuggled to a prison hospital by friendly inmates. [20] Kolbe was declared venerable by Pope Paul VI on 30 January 1969, beatified as a Confessor of the Faith by the same Pope in 1971, and canonized as a saint by Pope John Paul II on 10 October 1982. When the Nazi guards selected 10 people to be starved to death in punishment, Kolbe volunteered to die in place of a stranger. [24], Kolbe's recognition as a Christian martyr generated some controversy within the Catholic Church. 3rd AuguSaint 2014. He felt a strong motivation to ‘fight for Mary’ against enemies of the church. Everything is well in my regard. Maksymiliana – Zduńska Wola – DIECEZJA WŁOCŁAWSKA -KURIA DIECEZJALNA WŁOCŁAWSKA", "Parafia p.w.w. The work party was overseen by a vicious ex-criminal ‘Bloody Krott’ who came to single out Kolbe for particularly brutal treatment. [40] In 1991, Krzysztof Zanussi released a Polish film about the life of Kolbe, Life for Life: Maximilian Kolbe [pl]. Maximilian died on 14 August. In 1939 he and the friars in Warsaw fed and sheltered Polish refugees, most of whom were Jewish, by 1941 the friary was closed and Maximilian and four others were imprisoned in Auschwitz where he suffered beatings. "[26] Newspapers he published printed articles about topics such as a Zionist plot for world domination. I was saved. by Anselm Romb (2007-09-03) The men were led away to the underground bunker where they were to be starved to death. [1], Meanwhile, in his absence the monastery at Niepokalanów began to publish a daily newspaper Mały Dziennik (the Small Diary), in alliance with the political group National Radical Camp (Obóz Narodowo Radykalny). He contracted tuberculosis which caused him to cough up blood and to leave all of his work and plans and dreams behind and go to Zakopane in the mountains to recover or die. Kolbe was successful in using the latest technology to spread his message. St Maximilian Kolbe pray for us. And I owe to him the fact that I could tell you all this. John Paul II wanted to make the point that the Nazis systematic hatred of whole categories of humanity was inherently also a hatred of religious (Christian) faith; he said that Kolbe's death equated to earlier examples of religious martyrdom. The man in charge of emptying the buckets of urine found them always empty. The miracles that were used to confirm his beatification were the July 1948 cure of intestinal tuberculosis in Angela Testoni, and in August 1950, the cure of calcification of the arteries/sclerosis of Francis Ranier; both attributed to Kolbe's intercession by their prayers to him. In 1926, in the first issue of the monthly Knight of the Immaculate, Kolbe said he considered Freemasons as an organized clique of fanatical Jews, who want to destroy the church. Be tranquil about me and about my health, because the good God is everywhere and provides for everything with love. However, his health deteriorated and in 1920 Saint Maximilian suffered from a serious bout of tuberculosis. [35] In recent years new religious and secular institutes have been founded, inspired from this spiritual way. Two years later, in 1938, he started a radio station at Niepokalanów, Radio Niepokalanów. Bruno Borgowiec, a Polish prisoner who was charged with serving the prisoner later gave a report of what he saw: “The ten condemned to death went through terrible days. Beyond armies of occupation and the hecatombs of extermination camps, there are two irreconcilable enemies in the depth of every soul: good and evil, sin and love. I said that I would accept them both. Maximilian was canonised in 1982 by Pope John Paul II (who himself had lived through the German occupation of Poland). Maximilian's response was to pray for his abusers. Phone: 732-914-0300 * Fax: 732-240-9517 * E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. In 1915, while still in seminary, Kolbe and six friends formed the Militia Immaculatae and four years later began publishing the magazine Knight of the Immaculate. All Masses currently are held on our St. Peter Campus; Sign-ups are not required. Rather surprised, the commander accepted Kolbe in place of Gajowniczek. '"[31], First-class relics of Kolbe exist, in the form of hairs from his head and beard, preserved without his knowledge by two friars at Niepokalanów who served as barbers in his friary between 1930 and 1941. The deed and courage of Maximillian Kolbe spread around the Auschwitz prisoners, offering a rare glimpse of light and human dignity in the face of extreme cruelty. In 1941, his newspaper “The Knight of the Immaculate” offered strong criticism of the Nazis. Docudrama about the life of St. Maximillian Kolbe. [ 41 ] Maximillian Kolbe. 1. Against enemies of the selected men Franciszek Gajowniczek, cried out, `` wife... This priest is really a great man, Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów thus. Rockingham, Western Australia I would accept them both. ” [ 1 ] that day and... Polish Catholics publish high pamphlets, books and a daily newspaper – Dziennik... Senate declared the year of Maximilian Kolbe as a Servant of God what was to for... 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