The M10 tank destroyer was a World War II United States tank destroyer which was based on the chassis of the M4 Sherman tank, it was fitted with the 3-inch (76.2 mm) Gun M7. GI Joe M3 Tank Destroyer 1:6 Scale with Figure Hasbro 81667 New in Open Box NIB. The US M50 Ontos Tank Destroyer. While it fitted the request of the Infantry for light, easy to manhandle anti-tank weapon, Artillery and Ordnance foresaw a need for a more powerful gun. Being based on the M4 Sherman, spare parts were generally easy to acquire and repair was straightforward… In some cases, towed TD battalions were attached to armored or airborne divisions; sometimes, companies of the same battalion were given to different divisions; and sometimes a single division had several TD battalions – including a mix between towed and self-propelled – at once. a combat report from the 614th TD mentioned a two-gun section firing 143 shells at an enemy post, achieving 139 hits[14]), Although the M5 easily outperformed older anti-tank guns in the US service, it was large and heavy - making it hard to manhandle into position - and its anti-armor characteristics were found to be somewhat disappointing. APDS round was never developed for the M5;[6] an APCR round existed (see ammunition table below), but it is not clear if it was ever issued to towed TD battalions. Barrel length was 13.16 feet. The M5 was issued exclusively to the US Army tank destroyer battalions starting in 1943. Although the subsequent testing revealed minor problems, it was clear that the gun, eventually standardized as M5 on carriage M1, presented major performance improvement over existing designs. The 3-inch gun M5 was an anti-tank gun developed in the United States during World War II. A towed TD battalion possessed 36 pieces, in three companies of 12. Three tank destroyer battalions deployed to the Pacific Theater were equipped with the M18, with one, the 637th, earning the Presidential Unit Citation for its role in clearing Fort McKinley’s emplaced guns during fierce fighting for Manila at the beginning of 1945. It saw combat in the Italian Campaign and in the Northwest Europe campaign. [11] One of the most notable engagements came during the German counterattack on Mortain in August 1944. In November 1943 a slightly modified carriage was standardized as M6. 77th Infantry Division Leyte Island 1944 . the APCR round) were never issued to towed TD battalions. On 24 September 1942, the new tank, standardized as the M5A1, was designated to replace the M5 at the Cadillac plant in Detroit. [12] The gunner stood or sat on the left side of the gun, and aimed it using the M51 or M70G telescope. [8], On 31 March 1943, AGF ordered 15 self-propelled tank destroyer battalions to convert to a towed form; eventually, AGF decided that half of the TD battalions should be towed. In 1940, the US Army just started to receive its first anti-tank gun, the 37 mm gun M3. Total production of the M10 Tank Destroyers was 4,993. The 823rd TD, attached to the 30th Infantry Division, played a key role in the successful defence of Saint Barthelemy, destroying fourteen tanks and a number of other vehicles, though at the price of losing eleven of its guns. or Best Offer. The other possible user, the Tank Destroyer Center, preferred more mobile self-propelled weapons. Armament Primary. The organization from 1 September 1944 authorized M39 Armored Utility Vehicle instead, but these only reached frontline in spring 1945. [4], The barrel was adapted from the 3 inch Gun T9; it had rifling with uniform right hand twist, with 28 grooves and one turn in 25 inches. The gun combined a 3-inch (76.2 mm) barrel of the anti-aircraft gun T9 and elements of the 105 mm howitzer M2. Different methods of armor penetration measurement were used in different countries / periods. It … Subsequently the M5 saw combat in the Italian Campaign and in the Northwest Europe. It was designed in a rush. In October 1943 the first towed battalion - the 805th TD - arrived in Italy. Finally, pressure from the head of Army Ground Forces, Gen. Lesley McNair, resulted in the gun being adopted by the TD Center. [12], In addition to the anti-tank role, the gun was often used to supplement divisional field artillery[13] or to provide direct fire against enemy fortifications (e.g. The Presidential Salute Guns Platoon of The Old Guard currently maintains a battery of ten M5s at Fort Myer for service mainly in the National Capital Region.[19]. In January 1944 AGF requested to upgrade the guns built with the early carriage M1 to carriage M6; consequently most of the guns that reached the frontline had the M6 carriage. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, List of U.S. Army weapons by supply catalog designation, Chapter XXI: Artillery And Armored Units In The ETO, United States Army Center of Military History, http://web.archive.org/web/20070214205735/http://homepage.mac.com/yeide/TDAttachments2.htm, Tankdestroyer.net (Web based United States tank destroyer forces information resource). It was cancelled on 30 September 1942. It was powered by a water cooled, 375 hp, GMC 6046 twin diesel 6-71 engine with a 620-liter carrying capacity for fuel. One of the most notable engagements came during the German counterattack on Mortain in August 1944. $359.99. [1], Late in 1940 the Ordnance Corps started another project - an anti-tank gun based on the 3 inch anti-aircraft gun T9. Ultimate Soldier 21st Century GI Joe 1/6 WWII M5 Stuart Tank Remote Control. Although the M5 easily outperformed older anti-tank guns in the US service, it was large and heavy – making it hard to manhandle into position – and its anti-armor characteristics were found to be somewhat disappointing. The M5 was issued exclusively to the US Army tank destroyer battalions starting in 1943. FM18-5 Tactical Employment Tank Destroyer Unit. The greatest test of the TD battalions and their M5 guns came during the Battle of the Bulge. It took part in Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. In January 1944, AGF requested an upgrade of those guns built with the early carriage M1 to the carriage M6; consequently most of the guns that reached the frontline had the M6 carriage. The M5 utilized fixed ammunition, with the same 76.2x585R cartridge case - designated 3 inch Cartridge Case Mk IIM2 - as other descendants of the 3 inch M1918 anti-aircraft gun, and had basically the same barrel. M10, M4, Jeep And 2 1/2 Ton Truck 76th Infantry Division Speicher 1945 . [9][10] M3 Halftracks were issued as prime movers. We have a great online selection at the lowest prices with Fast & Free shipping on many items! In 1940, the US Army just started to receive its first antitank gun, the 37 mm Gun M3. The M5 used fixed ammunition, with the same 76.2x585R cartridge case – designated 3 inch Cartridge Case Mk IIM2 – as other descendants of the 3 inch M1918 anti-aircraft gun, and had basically the same barrel. It was combined with breech, recoil system and carriage from the 105 mm Howitzer M2. A. Developed in 1941 through 1942 on the basis of the M5 Stuart light tank. 1/6 WWII German Whermacht Soldier - Dragon DID ETC. Unfortunately it was discovered that it exploded on impact or shortly after causing the round not to penetrate. [7], Despite the performance advantages, it turned out that no branch of the US Army wanted the new gun. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. [3], Production began in December 1942. McNair's opinion was apparently influenced by the experience of the North African Campaign, where self-propelled guns were found to be hard to conceal. This meant that the gun had the same anti-tank characteristics as those of vehicle mounted anti-tank guns derived from the T9, namely the M6 (used in the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M5, which never reached production) and the M7 (which was the main armament of the 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage M10 and the M6 Heavy Tank). The organization from 1 September 1944 authorized M39 Armored Utility Vehicle instead, but these only reached the frontline in spring 1945. The Infantry considered it too large and heavy. In this battle, towed tank destroyers fought much less successfully and suffered much higher losses than the self-propelled ones. Aug 11, 2017 - M5 Tank Destroyer.. Although the subsequent testing revealed minor problems, it was clear that the gun, eventually standardized as M5 on carriage M1, presented major performance improvement over existing designs. It is still a puzzling mystery as to why this problem was never addressed with a better base fuze or even removing the small HE charge in the rear of the round. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Aug 11, 2017 - M5 Tank Destroyer. In some cases towed TD battalions were attached to armored or airborne divisions; sometimes companies of the same battalion were given to different divisions; and sometimes a single division had several TD battalions - including a mix between towed and self-propelled - at once. In this carriage a flat shield borrowed from the 105 mm howitzer was replaced by a new sloped one. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/3-inch_Gun_M5?oldid=4167985, 792 m/s (2,600 ft/s) with AP/APCBC rounds, AP M79 Shot (meet angle 30°, homogeneous armor), APC M62 Projectile (meet angle 30°, homogeneous armor), HVAP M93 Shot (meet angle 30°, homogeneous armor). [1], Late in 1940, the Ordnance Corps started another project – an anti-tank gun based on the 3 inch anti-aircraft gun T9. Album US Tanks. Explore this photo album by Phil DeFer on Flickr! $37.00. The gun combined a 3-inch (76.2 mm) barrel of the anti-aircraft gun T9 and elements of the 105 mm howitzer M2. Nov 11, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Michael Green. The first proper tank-destroyer was the M10 Wolverine, which featured the hull of the M4 Sherman tank and a new pentagonal turret. Welcome to the largest single resource of U.S. $1,700.00. While it fit the request of the Infantry for light, easy to manhandle anti-tank weapon, Artillery and Ordnance foresaw a need for a more powerful gun. USA (1941) Tank destroyer - about 5,380 built The Fargo, first American tank hunter The 37 mm Gun Motor Carriage M6 (GMC) was the first American tank destroyer of the war. Taking the recent combat experience into account, on 11 January 1945, the War Department confirmed a request to convert the towed TD battalions to the self-propelled form. M5 And M10 of 2nd Armored Division In Tesey Sur Vire France 1944 . The breech was of horizontal sliding type, manual; the recoil system hydropneumatic. All the materials we receive are digitized and available to read online or download. a combat report from the 614th TD mentioned a two-gun section firing 143 shells at an enemy post, achieving 139 hits[16]). Losses suffered by towed TD battalions in the Battle of the Bulge and the existence of more mobile, better protected alternatives in the form of self-propelled tank destroyers led to gradual removal of the M5 from front line service in 1945. Photo gallery at Kansas City Armor Modeling and Preservation Society website. In November 1943, a slightly modified carriage was standardized as M6. The M10 had a crew of five and a top speed of about 48.2 km/h. Pre-Owned. The vehicle uses a remarkable 6 guns, rather than the traditional 1. 640th Tank Destroyer Battalion (M5 3-inch gun; to M10 October 1944) Established December 19, 1941 at Camp San Luis Obispo, CA, from personnel of the 143rd Field Artillery California National Guard. The breech was of horizontal sliding type, manual; the recoil system hydro-pneumatic. $359.99. Most often, a complete battalion was attached to an infantry division. Barrel length was 13.16 feet. The pentagonal welded turret, equipped with a 3-inch M7 gun in an M5 mount, was used with a Sherman chassis. Tank destroyers as a branch are unusual because they originated out of fear of an immense German armored threat, based on the early days of the war, particularly the German invasion of France in 1940. The M5 3in gun motor carriage was the first US tank destroyer to carry a heavier gun than the 37mm anti-tank gun, but it was never a popular design and the … [6], Despite the performance advantages, it turned out that no branch of the US Army wanted the new gun. It is possible that some types (e.g. While the M5 outperformed earlier anti-tank guns in the US service, its effective employment was hindered by its heavy weight and ammunition-related issues. This led to a number of expedient designs, such as adaptations of the 75 mm M1897 or towed variants of the 75 mm M3. 3.) 3 inch Gun M5 was an anti-tank gun developed in the United States during World War II. Most often, a complete battalion was attached to an infantry division. The other possible user, the Tank Destroyer Center, preferred more mobile self-propelled weapons. Subsequently the M5 saw combat in the Italian Campaign and in the Northwest Europe. Combat tanks providing the basis for dedicated tank destroyers of the war are also included in this list. Tank Destroyer Heads To Battle Lines At Bir Marbott Pass East Of El Guettar In Tunisia 1943. [11], Those towed tank destroyer battalions were attached to US Army divisions to improve their anti-tank capabilities. We dedicate the site to the men that served in the U.S. [2] The pilot of the weapon, named 3 inch Gun T10, was ready by September 1941. 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