14 Anozie, F.N., ‘Early Iron Technology in Igboland: Llejja and Umundu’, in special Book issue of West African Journal of Archeology, vol.9 1979. The present disturbing state of the Igbo moral world and the tragedy as well as the apparent degradation of the moral values is indices of the sordid state of the adulterated Igbo moral world. Ofomata, A Survey of the Igbo Nation, AFP, 2002; Toyin Falola ed., Igbo History and Society: The … A number of indigenous institutions which promoted and sustained democratic norms and values existed. But of greater importance is the question of original homeland of Igbos. The novelty of the idea and perhaps, the consequences of the phenomena engendered a lot of interest which did not escape the attention of scholars with intellectual anxiety.1 What probably is little explored is the component of ‘tradition’ in ‘Traditional’ ruler ship in Igboland. This paper will … It was a home-grown democracy influenced by the people’s culture, history and tradition. Ahiajoku Lecture; Owerri, 1987, p.8 13 ibid. Corpus ID: 163025850. The bane of the Igbo society today is the relegation of moral ‘A middle Saxon iron-smelting site at Ramsbury, Wilts’, Medieval Archaeology 24 (1980), 1-68. In parts of Igbo land, traditional pots not only serve utili-tarian functions but also ceremonial, ritual, and status sym-bols (Ibeanu, 1992, 2006). Anozie: “Archaeology of Igboland: The Early Prehistory” in G.E.K. pp. Ramsbury Iron-smelting site – pdf (with F. Anozie & K.Ray) ‘Preliminary archaeological studies of early iron-smelting in Igboland, SE Nigeria, in Proceedings of the 9 th Pan-African Congress on Archaeology, 1984. use in socio-cultural practices in parts of Igbo land, such as title taking, traditional medicine, religious practices, and marriage. According to Ralph Ellis Eden in Egypt,2 the Hebrew Torah (chapter 1: verse 10) records that 1 See F.N. Igboland, the people evolved a viable democratic culture. Archeological study of Igboland yielded evidence that Igboland was under effective occupation by the third millennium (Afigbo, 1981, p. 145). 10-11. Igboland lies in the tropical forest belt of West Africa. Igboland, Nigeria Elochukwu A. Nwankwo*, Edmund I. Itanyi Department of Archaeology and Tourism, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria ARTICLE INFO Keywords: Heritage research Cultural heritage resources Natural heritage resources Ethnography Traditional values Igbo area Tourism Archaeology Religion ABSTRACT Decadence in Igboland: Socio-Political, Economic and Religious Perspectives. In parts of Igbo land, traditional pots not only serve utilitarian functions but also ceremonial, ritual, and status symbols (Ibeanu, 1992, 2006). However, in both zones we need to make use of oral traditions, written records and ethnographic data for information on ancient towns. Igboland, are not new. 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